Magnet 磁铁cí tiě is an object that attracts certain materials, usually objects made of iron or steel.
Magnetism 磁性cí xìng is the attracting property that magnets possess.
magnetic field 磁场 cí chǎng is the space all around a magnet where the force of the magnet can act.
Attract 吸引xī yǐn The north pole of one magnet pulls toward the south pole of another magnet.
Repel 排斥pái chì The north pole of one magnet pushes away the north pole of another magnet.
Compass 指南针 zhǐ nán zhēn is an instrument containing a magnetized pointer that shows the direction of magnetic north. Poles 磁极 cí jí are two ends of a magnet and the strongest parts of the magnet. North pole and South pole.
Four Types of Magnets
1.Permanent magnet 永久磁铁yǒng jiǔ cí tiě is the magnet that works all the time.
2.Temporary magnet 临时磁铁lín shí cí tiě is a magnet made from a material that easily loses its magnetism.
3. Electromagnet 电磁铁diàn cí tiě is a magnet that can be turned on or off and is made by sending electricity through metal
4. Lodestone天然磁铁tiān rán cí tiě is a name for natural magnets.
Different Shapes of Permanent Magnets
1.Bar magnet 条形磁铁 tiáo xíng cí tiě is a rectangular object with a magnetic field.
2. Horseshoe magnet马蹄形磁铁 mǎ tí xíng cí tiě is a magnet made in the shape of a horseshoe.
3. Disk magnet 圆形磁铁 yuán xíng cí tiě is a thin flat circular magnet where the thickness does not exceed the diameter.